Alaska Day,  the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States, is a legal holiday.  The transfer took place at a flag-raising ceremony at Fort Sitka on Friday October 18, 1867

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A Scene Near Eagle River

The official account of the affair as presented by General Lovell Rousseu to Secretary of State William H. Seward continues: “… The troops being promptly formed, were, at precisely half past three o’clock, brought to a ‘present arms’, the signal given to the Ossipee … which was to fire the salute, and the ceremony was begun by lowering the Russian flag … The United States flag … was properly attached and began its ascent, hoisted by my private secretary [and son], George Lovell Rousseau, and again salutes were fired as before, the Russian water battery leading off. The flag was so hoisted that in the instant it reached its place the report of the big gun of the Ossipee reverberated from the mountains around … Captain Pestchouroff stepped up to me and said, ‘General Rousseau, by authority from his Majesty the Emperor of Russia, I transfer to the United States the Territory of Alaska’ and in a few words I acknowledged the acceptance of the transfer, and the ceremony was at an end.”

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